Hurricane Nigel Forecast Discussion Number 16

By | September 19, 2023

WTNT45 KNHC 190833

Hurricane Nigel Discussion Number  16
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL152023
500 AM AST Tue Sep 19 2023

Nigel is sending mixed signals this morning.  While the large eye of 
the hurricane has become better defined and warmer, convection 
around the eyewall has weakened (and AMSR2 microwave data show the 
eyewall is open on the north side).  This convective disruption 
appears to be due to persistent dry air and just enough shear to 
entrain that air into the inner core.  Satellite intensity estimates 
remain about the same as 6 h ago, so the initial wind speed is 
unchanged at 75 kt. Both of the NOAA Hurricane Hunter P-3 aircraft 
are scheduled to be in the hurricane late this morning, so we should 
have a more precise assessment of Nigel this afternoon.  

The hurricane still has another day or so to intensify while it 
remains in light-shear and warm-water conditions, which could 
facilitate mixing out the dry air that has plagued the internal 
convective structure. However, it seems like changes with Nigel will 
be gradual since it has formed a large eye (which tends to be more 
stable).  Nigel should undergo a rapid extratropical transition from 
48 to 72 h as it comes under the influence of a strong mid-latitude 
trough.  Little change was made to the previous intensity forecast, 
above the intensity consensus at short range and near the model 
average at longer range.  SAR data from yesterday evening did 
suggest Nigel that has grown in size, so that's reflected in the 
current and near-term forecast wind radii.

The track forecast seems straightforward with Nigel, as the current 
northwestward motion should bend to northward late today while the 
hurricane moves along the western periphery of the subtropical 
ridge.  Nigel should then move rather quickly northeastward through 
late week due to fast flow ahead of a mid-latitudes trough dropping 
out of the Canadian Maritimes, then northward as an extratropical 
low this weekend as it is captured by the trough south of Iceland.  
The new forecast is shifted a touch left to come into better 
agreement with the consensus guidance.


INIT  19/0900Z 29.6N  53.6W   75 KT  85 MPH
 12H  19/1800Z 31.2N  54.5W   85 KT 100 MPH
 24H  20/0600Z 33.8N  54.8W   90 KT 105 MPH
 36H  20/1800Z 36.7N  53.2W   85 KT 100 MPH
 48H  21/0600Z 39.6N  49.2W   80 KT  90 MPH
 60H  21/1800Z 42.5N  42.7W   70 KT  80 MPH
 72H  22/0600Z 45.0N  34.7W   60 KT  70 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
 96H  23/0600Z 51.8N  21.8W   50 KT  60 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP
120H  24/0600Z 58.5N  21.0W   45 KT  50 MPH...POST-TROP/EXTRATROP

Forecaster Blake

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