Tropical Storm Gaston Forecast Discussion Number 13

By | September 23, 2022

936 
WTNT43 KNHC 231457
TCDAT3

Tropical Storm Gaston Discussion Number  13
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL082022
300 PM GMT Fri Sep 23 2022

Gaston is improving in satellite presentation this morning. 
Convection is re-forming and wrapping around the northern and 
western sides of the circulation.  A recent scatterometer pass 
showed that Gaston was slightly stronger than the previous advisory 
and the initial intensity has been increased to 55 kt.  The 
tropical-storm-force wind field was also expanded, especially in the 
northwestern quadrant based on these data.

The cyclone has managed to retain its tropical characteristics for 
now.  Global model guidance suggests moderate to strong vertical 
wind shear should gradually strip away convection from the core over 
the next day or so.  In spite of the relatively hostile conditions, 
Gaston has managed to maintain its strength, therefore only gradual 
weakening is forecast until the storm merges with a shortwave trough 
in about 36 hours and becomes a post-tropical cyclone.  The official 
intensity forecast has been shifted slightly higher than the 
previous advisory due to the initial intensity and is slightly 
stronger than the consensus model aids.

The storm is moving east-southeastward at an estimated 120/6 kt.  A 
sharp turn to the south is expected shortly while Gaston traverses 
the periphery of a mid-level ridge building to the north.  
Afterward, the cyclone should generally move toward the 
west-southwest and west, completing an anticyclone turn, through the 
end of the period.  The NHC forecast has been nudged slightly 
northward once again from the previous forecast and lies between the 
HCCA and TVCN multi-model consensus aids.

Key Messages:

1. Tropical storm conditions are occurring over portions of the
western Azores, and are spreading to the central Azores.

2. Gaston is expected to produce heavy rainfall over the western
and central Azores today through Saturday.  This rainfall may
result in landslides and areas of flooding.


FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  23/1500Z 40.2N  29.1W   55 KT  65 MPH
 12H  24/0000Z 39.4N  29.0W   55 KT  65 MPH
 24H  24/1200Z 38.7N  30.2W   50 KT  60 MPH
 36H  25/0000Z 38.7N  32.3W   50 KT  60 MPH...POST-TROPICAL
 48H  25/1200Z 38.9N  34.8W   50 KT  60 MPH...POST-TROPICAL
 60H  26/0000Z 39.0N  36.7W   45 KT  50 MPH...POST-TROPICAL
 72H  26/1200Z 39.0N  38.6W   40 KT  45 MPH...POST-TROPICAL
 96H  27/1200Z 38.9N  42.0W   35 KT  40 MPH...POST-TROPICAL
120H  28/1200Z 37.7N  46.2W   30 KT  35 MPH...POST-TROPICAL

$$
Forecaster Bucci


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