Potential Tropical Cyclone Two Forecast Discussion Number 15

By | July 1, 2022

WTNT42 KNHC 010852

Potential Tropical Cyclone Two Discussion Number  15
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL       AL022022
500 AM EDT Fri Jul 01 2022

The disturbance is finally looking like a bona fide tropical 
cyclone.  Deep convection has blossomed overnight in two primary 
bands around the potential center.  But whether there is a 
well-defined center yet is the million dollar question.  The system 
is gradually slowing down, so if a center has not formed yet, it 
should form very soon.  An Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter 
mission is scheduled for later this morning to help determine if the 
disturbance has become a tropical storm.

The disturbance is moving just south of due west and slightly slower 
at 265/16 kt.  The system is forecast to lose a little more latitude 
today and slow down further while it approaches the coast of Central 
America, and it is expected to move across southern Nicaragua or 
northern Costa Rica tonight and emerge over the eastern Pacific 
waters on Saturday.  After that time, strong mid-level ridging will 
remain established over the Gulf of Mexico, and the system is 
expected to turn west-northwestward in 2 to 3 days. This track 
essentially runs parallel to the coasts of El Salvador, Guatemala, 
and Mexico through the end of the forecast period, about 100-200 
n mi off the coast.  The track guidance has nudged slightly 
northward during the time the system is over the Pacific Ocean, with 
the ECMWF model the closest to the coast of Mexico, and the new NHC 
track forecast is just a little north of the previous forecast on 
days 4 and 5.  Given the system's potential proximity to land, 
interests all along the coasts of El Salvador, Guatemala, and 
southern and southwestern Mexico should monitor the progress of this 

The system has 12-24 hours to strengthen in an environment of low 
vertical shear and over warm 28 degrees Celsius waters before it 
reaches Central America.  The official intensity forecast at 24 
hours, around the time the system reaches land, is a little higher 
than the available guidance to account for uncertainty in the 
initial analysis and to maintain continuity from the previous 
forecast.  Some weakening is likely as the system moves over land, 
but restrengthening is anticipated over the Pacific waters where 
vertical shear is expected to remain low and waters will still be 


1. Heavy rainfall is likely across portions of Nicaragua and Costa 
Rica today into Saturday. Areas of life-threatening flash flooding 
and mudslides are expected.

2. Hurricane conditions are possible within the Hurricane Watch area 
along the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua this evening or tonight.

3. Tropical storm conditions are expected on San Andres today,
along the Caribbean coasts of Costa Rica and Nicaragua within the
Tropical Storm Warning areas by this evening, and are possible 
within the Tropical Storm Watch areas along the Pacific coasts of 
Costa Rica and Nicaragua on Saturday.


INIT  01/0900Z 11.5N  79.2W   35 KT  40 MPH...POTENTIAL TROP CYCLONE
 12H  01/1800Z 11.3N  81.4W   40 KT  45 MPH...TROPICAL CYCLONE
 24H  02/0600Z 11.3N  84.0W   50 KT  60 MPH...INLAND
 36H  02/1800Z 11.3N  86.5W   35 KT  40 MPH...OVER PACIFIC OCEAN
 48H  03/0600Z 11.7N  89.0W   40 KT  45 MPH
 60H  03/1800Z 12.4N  91.5W   50 KT  60 MPH
 72H  04/0600Z 13.3N  94.3W   55 KT  65 MPH
 96H  05/0600Z 15.1N 100.3W   65 KT  75 MPH
120H  06/0600Z 16.6N 105.8W   75 KT  85 MPH

Forecaster Berg

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